Helpful Terms

Are you are confused by any terminology used throughout this website or want to learn some more definitions? Here are some terms that will help you out.

Please note: this glossary is an ongoing list, and is in no particular order! Over time, more definitions will be added and sorted.


A place where a population of the same living organisms i.e otters or ferns live. The habitat must meet the requirements of the specific organisms living in it. This means it has to have favourable temperatures, food availability and optimum water content depending on the living organism setting up home. Some examples of habitats are lakes, uplands, rivers and woodlands.


A system run by the interaction between a community of living things (animals, flowers) and non living components of the environment (air, water). Living and non living things in this system are linked by energy flows and nutrient cycling. Some ecosystem examples are aquatic ecosystem, forest ecosystem and the urban ecosystem.


Habitat found in the higher land areas of the Lake District.


The relationships between organisms and their environment.

Carbon Dioxide

CO2 : Gas in atmosphere which humans are accelerating the accumulation of in the atmosphere fossil fuels 

Green house gas

Gases which speed up rate of global warming.

Climate emergency

The climate emergency has resulted from humans adding excessive amounts of greenhouse greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. Greenhouse gases have heated up the atmosphere producing a global disaster. If these gases are not removed from the atmosphere the level of global warming that will be catastrophic for the worlds ecosystems and humanity.


Term describing the current geological age, the period of time where humans have hugely dominated the environment and the climate. At this time humans have now become a major force of nature.

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